Saturday, July 25, 2020

A Word of Warning (Pay Attention)

A Word of Warning (Pay Attention) [Guest Entry from Kelsey Kennedy 12] When I sat down late last April in front of my computer and went through the process of telling MIT that I would, in fact, be attending their school in the fall, I thought I knew what I was getting myself into. MIT is, well, MIT, right? After reading the blogs for years and visiting campus during CPW, I thought I had MIT figured out. Uhh, yeah. Not so much. I mean, reading the blogs and all that certainly helped. There are just a few things I learned this semester that make me wish I had paid a bit more attention when I was warned about them. 1. The weather in Boston is mildly ridiculous. And when I say mildly ridiculous, what I actually mean is incredibly fickle and annoying and COLD. I remember my parents jokingly asking me to consider Stanford a little bit more seriously so they could visit me in a warmer locale than Boston. Unfortunately for them, I am currently sitting in my room in Simmons, and its about 22 degrees outside. Ultimately, weather shouldnt make or break your decision! When I arrived at MIT, I knew it was going to be cold. I had packed my tried-and-true winter gear (a wool coat and an insulated Carhartt jacket) that had kept me warm and toasty back home in Oregon. I remember my first night walking back to Simmons after hosting my radio show at 2:30 AM I dont think Ive ever wanted to get out of the wind more in my life. While my thick, wooly pieces of outerwear had been fine at home, they dont cut it here. Theres one reason why: wind. No matter how thick your jacket may be, or how many sweatshirts you have on, they are no match for the terrible wind that whips through Boston and Cambridge. Im not lying when I say that the best purchase Ive made in the last year is a wind-proof jacket from Eastern Mountain Sports. Now, Im no longer a shivering mass of frozen-ness whenever I go outside. Moral of the story: wind-proof jackets are your friend. 2. You actually need study skills at MIT. Okay, so this is kind of a given. I just dont pick up on this stuff. When I was in high school, I was able to get by without actually having to do work. At the time, it felt like I was doing a lot of homework. Looking back, I rarely used any sort of study skills. Little did I know that would come back to haunt me. Small things add up here. Where you study can make a huge difference, for instance. At the beginning of the semester, I dutifully sat at my desk in my room, or in the study in the hall. After a while, I realized that I was not accomplishing anything it was far too tempting to just sit and socialize. Eventually I learned that if I went to the library and worked in complete silence for several hours straight, I could actually knock out huge chunks of problem sets in one sitting. Im not saying that this is the way to go you certainly have to figure out what works for you. The faster you can determine that, the better off youll be. 3. A social life is important. Work-play balance is actually legitimate! I will admit up front that there were portions of this past semester where I was completely miserable. So miserable that I even uttered the word transfer in a phone conversation with my parents. My dads response was, make sure you schedule in some time to have fun. At first, I didnt really listen I had so many p-sets to finish! After a while, I realized that my dad was on to something. Ice skating, going to the movies, and grabbing lunch or dinner were simple things I started to do with friends that made me dramatically happier. Evidence of this came in many forms: higher p-set grades, increased productivity, never uttering the word transfer again, and happier phone calls home. Sometimes, its too easy to forget that you need to be happy with life in general to be happy with your work, and MIT is a place where this effect seems to be amplified!

Friday, May 22, 2020

State The Research Question That Your Group Is Seeking

State the research question that your group is seeking to answer with this project. (In other words, based on your analysis of the existing political science literature, what important question do you believe has yet to be addressed, or has been addressed inadequately?) Do elected judicial officials have an increasing effect on the incarceration rate in comparison to appointed judges? Furthermore, do states that hold elections for judicial officials experience a higher incarceration rate in comparison to those states who appoint judges? State the hypothesis that your group intends to explore in its research design. In a comparison of states, states that elect judges are more likely than states that appoint judges to have higher†¦show more content†¦This helped to have more concise data. Also, incarceration rate is measured per 100,000 people, taking into account the population for each state. The same is true for the violent crime rate, as it also was measured per 100,000 people. Since both of these variables measured for population, this was another control variable included in the research.The incarceration rate, crime rate, and population of the states do not need to be operationalized, as they are already quantitative data. To operationalize whether or not a state elects or appoints trial judges, we gave each option a specific number. For example, if a state elects their trial judges, the state was given a one. These states include: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin (30 in total). If the state appoints a judge, the state was given a zero. These states include: Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, and Wyoming (20 total). This allowed us to operationalize all variables and compare them moreShow MoreRelatedBackground Research For Your Future996 Words   |  4 Pages Background Research for Your Consideration: Starting a Organization In California – What You Should Know Before Starting Your Business: As a non-profit, you qualify for exemption from income, sales and property taxes, allowing you to put more of your money towards fulfilling your mission. Likewise, non-profit status may qualify you for some types of government funding. Because starting a business in California involves a particular set of legal considerations that are specific both to the typeRead MoreIs Genetic Genealogy Be An Uneven Playing Field?979 Words   |  4 PagesAbstract Genetic genealogy can set the stage for discrimination and inequality for those seeking minority status, for benefits and government handouts, or alternately, it can hold individuals back because of racism or bigotry; and lead to ‘genetically repackaged discrimination’. There is an uneven playing field, with some entities recognizing genetic testing results, yet others are rejecting it. While seeking personal identity is a worthwhile endeavor, another perspective brings a host of psychologicalRead MoreHow to Write Research Brief1222 Words   |  5 PagesHOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH BRIEF BPRI Guidelines CONTENTS Introduction What information should I include? – Background to the project – Business and Research Objectives – Target audience – Approach – Deliverables – Timings – Budget – Project Team – Next Steps INTRODUCTION This document has been produced by BPRI to help clients write effective briefs for research agencies – We have developed this in response to a number of requests we have received from clients for advice. There isRead MoreAcademic Misconduct Essay1499 Words   |  6 PagesQuoting directly from a source (book, journal, and article) so as to imply that the words are one’s own. Also, plagiarism is a fact of life that is in academic writing; sometimes it occurs when a person is lazy and not willing to engage him/her in research and study. According to Indiana University, academic misconduct is defined as any activity that tends to undermine the integrity of the institution. Academic misconduct includes: †¢ Cheating †¢ Fabrication †¢ Plagiarism †¢ Interference †¢ ViolationRead MoreEssay on Professional Organizations Associations1070 Words   |  5 Pagesand or association. The key is to find the right one for you and your needs. According to, â€Å"A professional organization is formed to disseminate information and unite people who share the same occupation or common interests.† Professional Organizations can also be classified as any social arrangement that has the same aims, aspirations, and goals. A professional organization on the other hand, is usually a non-profit group that helps further awareness and goals of a specific profession accordingRead MoreThe Wage Gap Between Men And Women1689 Words   |  7 Pagesthe same amount of tuition as a fellow male student, receive the same years of education, and end up having the same position as him making less money. Current Press on the Problem An article written by, Eileen Patten, was just posted by the Pew Research Center. April 14th was deemed Equal Pay Day. This name means that in order for a women to receive the same earnings has her male coworker as last year (365 days) she would have to work until today. This means a woman would have to work 469 daysRead MoreMedicare Funding Crisis1692 Words   |  7 Pagesunderstand that we have some key questions must be addressed and that we must justify our position on either economic efficiency or equity grounds. Outlined below are some of the questions that must be answered in order address this issue properly. Is Medicare in a state of crisis? Are you aware of the various policies that are being enacted from each state to state regarding the qualification of Medicare? Medicare is funded by the federal government and each state is responsible for operating theRead MoreA Sociological Aspect of Gang Activity1743 Words   |  7 PagesGangs can be classified as a group of adolescents who are perceived to be a threat to society, are mostly recognized by their name and territorial power, and have been involved in numerous acts that violate criminal law procedures in North America. (Esbensen, Winfree, He and Taylor, 2001). The first theme that was present in the pieces of literature collected was the lack of opportunities. As previously stated before, becoming involved in a gang starts at a young age. An article titled â€Å"Youth GangsRead MoreCosmetic Dentistry And Its Impact On American Society1283 Words   |  6 Pagesbraces in 2015. The ADA reported that number to be 4 million in 2016, proving that the field of orthodonti cs is a rapidly growing industry. A modern debate in the field of dentistry is cosmetic dentistry and its recent rise in popularity. The United States of America, in particular, has gained a reputation for being overzealous in the pursuit of â€Å"perfect† teeth. In Europe, cosmetic dentistry is thought of as a collection of very unnatural procedures, not unlike breast enhancement, Botox, etc. WhileRead MoreThe Role Of Servant Leadership And Positive Organizational Climate Essay1541 Words   |  7 Pageslevel of leadership as a Level 5 leader, who is a servant leader. Collins also contends the companies that evolved from good to great had Level 5 leaders and that the transformational power of the servant leader and the effect that he/she has on a group of employees and colleagues to lift an organization from mediocrity to greatness is astounding. Greenleaf (2002) defined servant leadership as leaders who are servant leaders who aspire to serve first, and then choose to lead. Greenleaf identified

Friday, May 8, 2020

Minimum Wage Low Skilled And Young Workers - 1553 Words

Introduction Minimum wage, a program created to help the poor, has every contrary effect to its well intentions. Throughout the history, people who hurt the most during minimum wage hikes are the low-skilled and young workers. Drastically raising minimum wage is meaningless as high inflation usually comes alongside with wage increases. Past economic statistics have shown that the rate of increase in inflation usually outpaced the rate of increase in minimum wage. Thus, the real value wage workers receive worth less than if there had been no minimum wage increase. This paper will employ empirical studies and theoretical analysis to show that minimum wage has exacerbated the problem of unemployment as well as increased income†¦show more content†¦(p. 94) In 1938, significant job losses were caused by the first 25 cents minimum wage increases. With the first federal minimum wage, â€Å"there was a 23 percent decrease in the number of hand-transfer machines, a 69 percent increa se in converted transfer machines, and a 10 percent increase in fully automatic machines.† (Seltzer) This employment effect still holds true nowadays. Indeed, the negative effect of minimum wage is larger in magnitude for unskilled labors than their skilled counterparts because skilled labors are relatively less easy to substitute for technological change. In additions to low-skilled workers, teenagers are the second largest victims of mandated wage. Contrary to â€Å"teens represent 5.2 percent of workers who would only be affected by the proposed $15 New York State minimum wage.† (Reith, p.12), the actual numbers are far higher. According to Economist David Neumark at University of California, Irvine, â€Å"for every 10 percent increase in the minimum wage, employment for high school dropouts and young black adults and teenagers falls by 8.5 percent† (Eastlick). With the 50% increase in minimum wage from $10 to $15 in New York City, there will be a reduction o f 42.5% teen employment as opposed to 5.2% claimed by Reith. Consequently, the massive youth unemployment will not only inhibit teens’ opportunities to gain valuable work experiences, but also causes other social problems which could lead to larger employment gap, high crime rates, andShow MoreRelatedHigher Federal Requirements For The Minimum Wage Essay1741 Words   |  7 Pagesfor higher federal requirements for the minimum wage in the United States, as a means of combatting income inequality, have remained a highly debated topic of discussion over the course of many years in the United States. On one side of this debate you have more progressive economists who believe that if minimum wage is increased the standards of living for many minimum wage employees will be improved, thus spurring economic prosperity for this class of workers and helping to bridge the gap in incomeRead MoreThe Effects of Raising the Minimum Wage on US Economy1507 Words   |  6 Pagesyear, the min imum wage has been increasing from less than a dollar to $7.25 now. The question that comes to everybody is that should we increase the minimum wage by too far. Does the minimum wage increase reduce the unemployment since now the current wage is high enough? Some people might think that we should increase the minimum wage in order to increase the labor supply. However, if we think deeply than this, there are more disadvantages than advantages of increasing the minimum wage. The fartherRead MoreMinimum Wage And Its Effect On The Economy1015 Words   |  5 Pageshigh unemployment rate is the issue of minimum wage. Depending on the states in U.S., the price of minimum wage is different, but the low minimum wage may cause the economic condition worse. Minimum wage is the lowest wage that an employer is allowed to pay. This wage is regulated by the law, so all workers must follow this rule. According to the book, â€Å"Minimum Wages†, the author Neumark, David states, â€Å"in 1938, the U.S. Congress passed a federal minimum wage as part of the Fair Labor Standard Act†Read MoreMinimum Wage Is A Bad Idea890 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Raising the Minimum Wage is a bad idea† I. Over the past few years the Minimum Wage has become a controversial topic to people and politicians. As we all know people everywhere are talking about that we need to increase the minimum wage again. Some people don’t realize that increasing the minimum would have principal’s effects on low-wage workers. For instance, most low-wage workers would receive a higher pay that would increase their family income. Yet, some jobs for low-wage workers would probablyRead MoreMinimum Wage Should Be Raised798 Words   |  4 PagesIn 2008 the United states came into recession due to many factors. Based on the article, the minimum wage should be raised. Ever since that meeting many economists have proposed different plans to solve this issue. One of these solutions for this particular issue is to raise the minimum wage. This would affect the economy, workers, and job growth which will follow in need of help. This plan would help, but there has been research that has gone against the solution stating that there is more costRead MorePersuasive Speech Outline For Non Rising Of Minimum Wage Essay1228 Words   |  5 Pagesis to persuade my audience to support the non-rising of minimum wage. ___________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Attention getter (teaser): How many of you believe we in the state of California should have a higher minimum wage? Well we shouldn’t and I’m going to tell you why. Significance (why important to them?): A lot of people believe that because you re getting paid a higher minimum wage that it’s benefiting you but in reality that’s not theRead MoreThis Study Focuses On How The Minimum-Wage Serves As A1162 Words   |  5 Pages This study focuses on how the minimum-wage serves as a place for prime age workers, those between the age of 25 and 54, to get stuck. For the purpose of this study, minimum-wage was established as anyone earning less than or equal to $1.00 above the 1997 wage of $5.15, as adjusted by inflation. While minimum-wage was developed as a floor for wages, this study asserts that a worker with one child will be nearly $3,000 below the poverty line even if they work full-time, full-year. It was concludedRead MoreThe Regulation Of Minimum Wage1055 Words   |  5 PagesRegulation of Minimum Wage In today’s society, people face to many serious issues which affect the society both in a positive and negative ways such as increasing the employment rate and increasing the unemployment rate. The increasing of the unemployment rate is caused by some reasons, and one of the problems that causes the high unemployment rate is the issue of the minimum wage. Depending on the states in the U.S., the price of minimum wage is different, but the low minimum wage may cause theRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage1037 Words   |  5 PagesRaising the minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 is not a good idea. The unintended consequences that would come about as a result is reason enough to shy away from such a proposal. Those who support an increase contend that it will alleviate poverty. Suppose these advocates are right and a spike in the minimum wage does reduce poverty for some fortunate workers. This positive development will be offset because an increase in the minimum wage will further p rice out inexperienced workers from the jobRead MoreSunday, July 24, 2016, Marks Seven Years Since The Last1539 Words   |  7 Pagesfederal minimum wage was raised (U.S. Department of Labor). Since raised, the cost of living has increased by nearly 12 percent. When President Obama called for an increase in 2013 19 states, have raised their minimum wage between $8.15 and $11.00. But is the hike beneficial to everyone? According to conventional economic analysis, increasing the minimum wage reduces employment in two ways. First, higher wages increase the cost to employers of producing goods and services. Second, a minimum wage increase

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Does Jesus Show People Are More Important Than Law Free Essays

‘How does Jesus show people are more important than the law? Do you agree? Explain why or why not. ‘ Jesus suggests that people are more important than the law through many of his actions and the things he preached, that went against or undermined the strict Laws the J swish society he was born into held to. Many of these actions and the things he said could be interpreted to mean that Jesus did not think these laws were not applicable in some circus dances anymore and so needn’t be obeyed, resulting in him proportioning people, and more imp ardently, love, over some of the laws. We will write a custom essay sample on How Does Jesus Show People Are More Important Than Law or any similar topic only for you Order Now Jesus first specifies that people have priority over law in Mark 2:2328, where h e states in particular Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. % This s suggests that he was challenging the ‘relinquishing society that the Pharisees had created, where it was no longer about keeping the laws to honor God and for the benefit of man, but instead about abiding to the laws and being punished if you didn’t. In stating this, Jesus is e emphasizing this and suggesting that the laws were not the most important thing and mercy o n the people was more important if the laws were not kept than punishment. This idea is again submitted in John 8:1 1 1, where instead of punishing the adulterous woman, Jesus grants m Eric on her and instead says ‘Now go and leave your life of sin. ‘ This again implies people are more important than upholding the law, although it is obvious that each scenario is different and must be handled accordingly. Instead of emphasizing law as the most important thing, Jesus instead introduce sec Love as the most important commandment over keeping the law. This is made apparent I n Mark 12:2831, when Jesus stated the most important commandment is ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart, †¦ LU, †¦ Mind and †¦ Strength’ and the second being ‘Love your neighbor our as yourself. ‘ Jesus goes on in Luke 10:2537 to specify that being someone’s ‘neighbor’ is h avian ‘mercy’ on others, shown in the Parable of the Good Samaritan. Within this parable, J sees also depicts the ‘neighb or’ as being an â€Å"enemy† of the injured man who broke the Jewish law by touching someone unclean (even though he himself was a Gentile so this din ‘t apply to him but applied to the injured man, whom his own society would have rejected), b UT was identified as doing the right thing even by the Jews listening to the story. Jesus is therefore emphasizing the value of humans over upholding the law, stemming from cacti Eng out of love for them. Jesus also impressed upon the disciples this concept of the laws no longer en ding to be â€Å"forced† upon people and therefore everything being allowed, but the laws ha vying our best interests in mind so keeping them should be for our benefit , and not for the sake of keeping them. This is echoed by Paul in 1 Corinthians 6:12 when he states â€Å"everything is permissible for me, but not everything is beneficial. â€Å". This shows humans as now, through Jesus, being et free from the laws, but also states that the laws were originally put in place e for our benefit and protection, thereby suggesting the most logical thing to do would be to u uphold them, but 18/11/14 By Amelia Parkinson Ethics Prep Questions just no longer having to strictly abide by them for the sake of doing so, and m meaning the old laws can now be broken if it is the most loving action to do. Personally, agree with the approach Jesus has to the laws, and think that Poe peel should take priority over abiding by the laws. How to cite How Does Jesus Show People Are More Important Than Law, Essays

Monday, April 27, 2020

Slang The Declaration Of Language [WR122 Paper, Using Jeffersons Decl

Slang The Declaration of Language [WR122 paper, using Jefferson's "Declaration of Independence" as a model]-RJ The Declaration of Language When, in the course of human language, it becomes necessary for people to create or redefine, words or phrases to express an object or an action; and to assume, among society, the acceptance and usage of these words and their definitions, in one's own language, or idiolect. A decent respect to the opinions of mankind, requires that Americans should recognize slang adopted into language. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that language is expression of thought, in the form of speech or written symbols, that have agreed-upon meanings. That, many large speaking languages contain dialects, or other versions of languages within a community, that are different in some aspects of grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary. That, because language is a form of one's own ideas and expression, everyone possesses his or her own individual language, or idiol ect. That, not only does perception change language, but that language changes perception. That, through the course of history, idiolects have shaped dialects, which have shaped language, which in turn, have shaped concepts. Conservatives, indeed, will dictate that languages will follow a narrow path toward a standard language. And accordingly, expression will follow the rules and guidelines that limit thought, rather than the ability to rethink old vocabulary and enrich new ones. When we speak, write, learn, and think in a slowly evolving vocabulary, which does not adapt to the more rapid introduction of cultures, concepts, fashion, and technology, we must add new meaning to conventional vocabulary. Such has been the language of Conservative American English speakers and writers, who have discouraged the use of creative language and the use of dialects and idiolects. Many individuals have not noticed that new vocabulary is, at many times, adopted into one's language. A large numbe r of slang words and phrases have been considered standard in today's daily speech. To prove this, let us claim a few of the many slang terms that have been adopted. Slang has been used, where other words seemed unfit to describe a thought or feeling: "Awesome." "Radical." "Cool." "Far Out" New words that were created to describe new technology: A "cellular" or mobile telephone. The "internet" or the computer and modem accessed information highway. "Electronic mail" or computer generated mail. A "beeper" or an electronic paging device. Metaphors, similes, and creativeness also create slang: A coward is a "chicken." Money is "bread." A "ride" is a car. One thousand dollars is a "grand." People eat "grub." Smoking marijuana is the same thing as smoking "weed" or "pot." A toilet is the "John." A toilet is the "can." A toilet is the "hole." A "Cop" is policeman. A "Pig" is also a policeman. If something is "bad" it is really "good." Those who are "plastered" are drunk. Those who are " hammered" are drunk. People who are driving too close behind another car are "tailgating." Slang, also evolves in the form of phrases: A person "Kicking Back," is relaxing. "Cut to the chase" or get to the point. Accept the consequences, or "face the music." "Two cents worth," or an opinion. "The whole nine yards" or everything. In the English language, we have petitioned for the use of slang in language. But our creative language has been considered meaningless to conservatives of standard English. Conservatives, who themselves use vocabulary that was at one time considered slang, are unfit to argue against it. Every language around the world adopts slang that, at one point, was considered nonstandard to the majority of the people. Slang is used to provide new shades of meaning. Slang is shared by introducing new concepts, just as new objects and ideas are shared. All vocabulary establishes its meaning through the acceptance of its concept into one's language. We must continue to express thoughts through one's choice of language, and accept them, as we would accept the importance of originality and creativity within individuals. We, therefore, the representatives of a linguistic society, do, in the Name, and by authority of speakers and writers of English, declare that slang refreshes language with new concepts, ideas, and interest; that slang allows language to evolve with

Thursday, March 19, 2020

global economy essays

global economy essays Global economy is as same as a boat waving and fluctuating among the tides and waves of an ocean in this turmoil international situation, which is characterized by wars her and there, peace process taking place in every part of this world, environmental issue and its implication with the emissions of industry coupled with the depletion of natural resources, the international alliances such as the European Union, eastern countries after the previous soviet Union and its system, the African Union, the middle east countries and their geographical situation and ideologies, and many other factors to mention. All the above and what is related conform a complex formula with uncountable and changeable factors to figure out. This burden of our equation is lying on the shoulders of the future leaders of the global economy as well as the politicians on the other hand. Let us read together the history about the human kind in brief with his effect on the rhythm of the economical evolution. Simply, the first merchandizes were dealt with exchange of other materialised goods among peoples, and this continued until the age of Romans empire and Persian umpire, where as, the Romans were the first who invented the first coins to deal with global trade. Then, the evolution of economical exchange took another phase, until the Arab, Turkish empires by using different kind of metals to shape coins, and later on, the Middle ages industrial revolution influenced the international society with a new monetary system, as well, the old systems are not capable to deal with the newer economical issues. Consequently, we are approaching another era followed this revolution. The industry progressed side by side with science proceedings and fertilized wealth to some countries as much as poverty to other countries which led to fighting and two major world wars, consequently, a dangler relationship took place among nations and countries until the birth of Uni ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Cape Lion Facts

Cape Lion Facts Name: Cape Lion; also known as Panthera leo melanochaitus Habitat: Plains of South Africa Historical Epoch: Late Pleistocene-Modern (500,000-100 years ago) Size and Weight: Up to seven feet long and 500 pounds Diet: Meat Distinguishing Characteristics: Extensive mane; black-tipped ears    About the Cape Lion Of all the recently extinct offshoots of the modern lion- the European Lion (Panthera leo europaea), the Barbary Lion (Panthera leo leo), and the American Lion (Panthera leo atrox)- the Cape Lion (Panthera leo melanochaitus) may have the least claim to subspecies status. The last known adult specimen of this big-maned lion was shot in South Africa in 1858, and a juvenile was captured by an explorer a couple of decades later (it didnt survive long out of the wild). The trouble is, the various extant subspecies of lions have a tendency to interbreed and mix up their genes, so it may yet turn out that Cape Lions were an isolated tribe of Transvaal Lions, the remnants of which can still be found in South Africa. The Cape Lion has the dubious honor of being one of the few big cats to have been hunted, rather than harassed, into extinction: most individuals were shot and killed by European settlers, rather than slowly starving due to habitat loss or poaching of their accustomed prey. For a while, in the early 2000s, it seemed that the Cape Lion might be de-extincted: a zoo director from South Africa discovered a population of big-maned lions in Russias Novosibirsk Zoo, and announced plans to perform genome  testing and (if the results were positive for fragments of Cape Lion DNA) attempt to re-breed the Cape Lion back into existence. Unfortunately, the zoo director died in 2010 and the Novosibirsk Zoo closed a couple of years later, leaving these putative Cape Lion descendants in limbo.